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### Mathematics

For the Mathematics IAL we cover the following six modules. The first three make-up the AS component of IAL Mathematics (a self-standing qualification) and the last three make-up the A2 component of. The AS and A2 together award the A-level in Mathematics:

AS MATHEMATICS

1. Pure Mathematics 1 Indices and Surds
Simultaneous Equations
Graphs of simple functions

Graph Transformations
Equations of lines
Sine and Cosine Rules
Arc Length and Area
Trigonometric functions
Simple Differentiation
Simple Integration

2. Pure Mathematics 2
Mathematical Proof
Polynomial Division
Remainder Theorem
Equation of the Circle
Sequences and Series
Arithmetic Series
Geormetric Series
Binomial Expansion
Logarithms
Exponential Graphs
Trigonometric Equations
Maxima and Minima
Definite Integration
Trapezium Rule

3. Statistics 1
Modelling using Statistics
Statistical Graphs
Measures of Location
Measures of Dispersion
Skewness
Probability
Laws of Probability
Correlation
Linear Regression
Discrete Random Variables
Normal Distribution

A2 MATHEMATICS

4. Pure Mathematics 3
Functions, Domain-Range
Modulus Function
Function of a function
Trigonometric Identities
Exponential function
Exponential graphs
Logarithmic graphs
Further Differentiation
Further Integration
Iterative solution of equations

5. Pure Mathematics 4
Partial Fractions
Parametric Equations
Binomial Expansion for any real exponent
Implicit Differentiation
Parametric Differentiation
Integration by substitution
Vectors in 3D
Vector equations of lines

6. Mechanics 1
Kinematics and Graphs
Accelerated Motion
Dynamics - Forces
Connected Particles
Momentum and Impulse
Coefficient of Friction
Equilibrium in inclined plane
Moments of Forces
Vectors and Equations

### Chemistry

The Chemistry IAL envisages the following six modules. The first three make-up the AS component of IAL Chemistry which is a self-standing qualification and the last three make-up the A2 component which together with the AS make-up the full A-level.

AS CHEMISTRY

1. Formula, Equations and Amount of Substance
Atoms, Molecules, Elements,
Formulae
Equations for Reactions
Relative Atomic Mass
Molar Mass
Volumes
Displacement Reactions
Reactions of Acids
Precipitation Reactions
Atomic and Mass Number
Isotopes
Ionisation Energies
Describe s and p orbitals
Blocks of Periodic Table
Periodic Properties
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Shapes of Molecules
Metallic Bonding
Basic Organic Chemistry
Alkanes
Alkenes

2. Energetics,
Group Chemistry,
Halogenoalkanes and Alcohols

Energetics
Hess's Law
Intermolecular Forces
Solvents
Redox Chemistry
Elements of Groups 1-2
Chemistry of Group 7
Kinetics and Equilibria
Halogenoalkanes
Alcohols
Mass Spectra and IR

3. Practical Skills I
Practical Context
Control Variables
Experimental Validity
Appreciate Uncertainties
Recognise Apparata
Safety and Health
Plot and Interpret Graphs

A2 CHEMISTRY

4. Rates, Equilibria and Further Organic Chemistry

Kinetics
Entropy and Energetics
Lattice Energy
Chemical Equilibria
Acid-Base Equilibria
Chirality
Carbonyl compounds
Carboxylic acids
Carboxylic acid derivatives
Spectroscopy and chromatography

5. Transition Metals and Organic Nitrogen
Chemistry

Redox Equilibria
Transition Metals and their Chemistry
Organic Chemistry – Arenes
Organic Nitrogen Compounds: Amines, Amides,
Amino Acids and Proteins
Organic Synthesis

6. Practical Skills II
Solve Problems
Apply Scientific Knowledge
Process Data
Analyse Mathematically
Recognise and Understand Use of Apparata
Health and safety

### Biology

The Biology IAL envisages the following six modules. The first three modules correspond to the AS Biology (a self-standing qualification) and the last three correspond to the A2 in Biology which together with the AS make the full (international) A-level in Biology.

AS BIOLOGY

1. Molecules, Diet, Transport and Health
Monosacharides and Polysacharides
Heart and Circulation
Cardiac Cycle
Heamoglobin
Cardiovascular Disease
Gaseous Exchange
Cell Membranes
Passive Transport
Amino Acids
DNA and RNA

2. Cells, Development, Biodiversity and
Conservation

Cell Structure
Cell Function
Reproduction
Microscopy
Mitosis
Plant Structure and Function,
Biodiversity
& Conservation
Threats

3. Practical Skills I
Planning Experiments
Identify Apparatus
Identify Sources of Uncertainty
Implementation and Measurements
Processing Skills
Plotting Graphs

4. Energy, Environment, Microbiology and
Immunity

Energy Flow
Ecosystems and the Environment
Microbiology
Immunity and Forensics

5. Respiration, Internal Environment,
Coordination and Gene Technology

Respiration, Muscles and the Internal
Environment
Coordination, Response and Gene Technology

6. Practical Skills II
Planning
Implementation and measurements
Analysis

### Physics

Physics IAL is made-up of the following six modules. The first three make-up the AS-level which is a self-standing qualification and the latter three make-up the A2 which (together with the AS) make-up the full A-level in Physics. The syllabus includes two alternative to practical modules which teach laboratory skills outside the laboratory!

AS PHYSICS

1. Mechanics and Materials
Kinematics
Accelerated Motion
Motion Graphs
Resolving vectors
Forces
Free body diagrams
Newton's Laws of Motion
Momentum
Energy, Power, Efficiency
Density, Upthrust
Stoke's Law
Hooke's Law
Young Modulus
Properties of materials

2. Waves and Electricity
Amplitude, Frequency, Period
Wave equation
Types of Waves
Refraction
Diffraction
Polarisation
Standing Waves
DeBroglie Equation
Photoelectric Effect
Spectra
Charge and Current
Electrical Circuits
emf, internal resistance
Resistance and Resistivity
Drift Velocity

3. Practical Skills I
Planning Experiments
Range and Resolution of Instruments
Measuring techniques
Control Variables
Health and Safety
Sources of Uncertainly
Random and Systematic Errors
Repeats and Reliability
Plotting Graphs
Measuring from Graphs

A2 PHYSICS

4. Further Mechanics Fields and Particles

Momentum and Newton's Laws
Circular Motion
Centripetal Acceleration
Electric Forces and Fields
Charging and Discharging Capacitors and Graphs
Magnetics Fields
Force on moving charge
Nucleons
Composition of Matter
Particle Accelerators
Standard Model
Quarks and Leptons
Matter and Anti-matter
Mass-Energy

5. Thermodynamics, Nuclear Decay, Oscillations, Cosmology
Heat Capacity
Internal Energy
Ideal Gas Laws
RMS speed & temperature
Decay Equations
Fission and fusion
Activity and half-life
Simple Harmonic Motion
Free - Forced Oscillations
Resonance
Gravitational Fields
Stefan-Boltzman Law
Wien's Law
Intensity and Flux
Stars and Stellar charts
Doppler Effect
Red Shift and Hubble Law

6. Practical Skills II
Design Experiments
Identify Variables
Discuss How Data is Used
Improving accuracy
Improving reliability
Uncertainties and propagating uncertainties
Transforming Equations
Plotting Graphs and Determining values

TEACHING PROGRAMME
2018/19

ENROL
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